PLAZA PLANS Those both for and against Measure B say they want to retain Sonoma's small-town character.
On Tuesday, thousands of Sonomans will choose whether to "protect" or "preserve" the city through a ballot measure proposing a limit on hotel size. Despite the ambiguous names of the groups on either side, Measure B is the most controversial decision, at least in terms of campaign money, that the city of 10,000 has ever been asked to make.
Nearly $150,000 has been spent on both sides of the measure, which, if passed, will limit the number of rooms a hotel in Sonoma may have to 25. About $90,000 has been spent by Protect Sonoma, the group against the measure; almost $58,000 by Preserve Sonoma, including a $25,000 loan from its leader, former Sonoma mayor Larry Barnett.
At the heart of the measure is a 59-unit luxury hotel, conference center and restaurant proposed by lobbyist, developer and newspaper owner Darius Anderson. He is principal owner of the Press Democrat and the Sonoma Index-Tribune, as well as the historic building housing the latter paper. It's that property, which was included in the sale of the newspaper, on which Anderson has plans for the hotel.
Despite Anderson's hotel inspiring the petition-driven Measure B, Barnett insists his fight is not personal.
"We've certainly made an effort not to make any individual the focus of this campaign," says Barnett, arguing that the Measure is about town character. "We don't want to see Sonoma turned into an overcrowded, overdeveloped, busy, noisy town so dominated by tourism that it's not pleasant to live as a resident."
On the other side of the issue is Protect Sonoma, which says restricting potential tourism dollars would hurt the city and possibly lead to other, unwanted developments. "I believe in the process that exists," says Nancy Simpson of Protect Sonoma. "We have to look at every project on a case by case basis." Simpson says the system in place—development zones, permit applications and approval from the Planning Commission and City Council—has worked so far.
There are currently four hotels in Sonoma exceeding Measure B's proposed limit with more than 25 rooms. Those hotels would be grandfathered in, but Measure B would restrict their expansion unless hotels in the city reach an 80 percent occupancy rate. Statistics from the city show occupancy average peaks at 77 percent over the past 10 years in the late summer months, dipping to 39 percent in January. Hotels over 25 rooms average an 11 percent higher occupancy rate than smaller ones over the same period, and currently account for 78 percent of all the hotel rooms (and 80 percent of the hotel taxes) collected by the city. Just over 20 percent of Sonoma's annual revenue is generated by hotel taxes.
Barnett, who was instrumental in implementing Sonoma's Urban Growth Boundary in 2000, says the city can do fine with smaller hotels and shouldn't sacrifice its character for the needs of out-of-towners. Using phrases like "fabric of a community" and "tempo of life," Barnett explains that the proposed 59-room hotel is a sign of impending changes to come if Measure B fails. "Sonoma cherishes and guards its particular nature and qualities quite seriously," he says. "It's really easy to end up turning into Yountville."
Campaign financing against Measure B comes largely ($37,000) from Anderson's Chateau Sonoma Hotel Group, LLC. But Simpson says she isn't interested in helping developers take over her town. "We're not pro-development," she says. "I care about our small-town character." She cites the lack of real estate available for development in the city and the Urban Growth Boundary as limits that are already in place for large hotels, and says Measure B risks pigeonholing the city into approving less desirable development. "We can't just assume hotels are the only thing that threatens our small town character and credibility."
As it happens, both Simpson and Barnett share the same ideology on this topic. "'Reinforce small-town character of Sonoma' is in the general plan," says Barnett. "Our initiative actually puts a number to that."
Simpson, who agrees with the sentiment, counters that assigning hard numbers to "character" is not the right approach. "This is a balancing act," she says.